Report on the Transition From Institutional Care to Community-Based Services

This is a report by the European Expert Group on Transition from Institutional to Community-based Care, focusing on 27 EU Member States.

Since 2009 numerous stakeholders at European and national level have been working on promoting social inclusion, combating poverty and discrimination, and making the shift from institutional to community-based care a reality for a variety of target groups in European countries. 

There is strong evidence from research over many decades that community-based alternatives can provide better results. In addition, costly improvements in the physical conditions of existing institutions or the division/redesign of existing institutions into smaller units fail to change the institutional culture and make it more difficult to close these institutions in the long term. Previous research showed that such an institutional culture is often still present in smaller community-based residential services and relatively resistant to change even in the countries that started the process of deinstitutionalisation much earlier than others. 

The aim of this report was to collate information about policies and plans, changes over time, strengths and areas of concerns relevant to the advancement of deinstitutionalisation in 27 EU countries and for six target groups: adults with disabilities, adults with mental health problems, children (including children with disabilities), unaccompanied or separated migrant children, homeless persons and older adults. 

Read the full report here

Related Resources

20 May 2022

How can we support children fleeing Ukraine?

Together with UNICEF ECARO and Child Circle, Eurochild published a discussion paper analysing the legal and child protection systems for children when they arrive into EU countries from Ukraine. The…
read more
22 February 2022

Eurochild position on the European Care Strategy

Eurochild welcomes the announcement by the European Commission to develop a European Care Strategy, and the commitment by the Council of the European Union to ‘promote active and healthy ageing,…
read more
24 December 2021

DataCare - Country Overviews

The DataCare Project was launched by Eurochild with support from UNICEF in March 2020. In addition to providing an overview of the situation of children in alternative care in Europe,…
read more